Shikimic Acid is a cyclohexene, a cyclitol and a cyclohexanecarboxylic acid and is more commonly known as shikimate, which is the anionic form of Shikimic Acid. Shikimic Acid is an important biochemical intermediates and products of metabolism in plants and microorganisms. Shikimic Acid was isolated by Johan Fredrik Eykman, a Dutch chemist in 1885 from theapanese flower shikimiand its name is also comes from the Japanese flower. The chemical structure of Shikimic Acid was elucidated by by Hermann O. L. Fischer and German chemist Gerda dangschat until 1934. Shikimic Acid mainly is isolated from the dried ripe fruit of Illiciaceae plants octagonal or Illicium anisatum (Japanese star anise), and there are also have reported that Shikimic Acid can be extracted from the sweetgum fruit and pine needles in recent years.
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